of the most striking features about Mongolia is how little the
average person on the street knows about it. Remarkable for a
country that created the largest land empire the world has known,
is home to the Bactrian or two-humped camel, and holds the dubious
honor as the only country to have moved from feudalism to communism
without an intervening communist phase.
from the rest of the world for 70 years by the maternal Soviet
blanket, Mongolia is now undergoing a renaissance of self-identity
as its democratically elected government steers a fledgling market
economy on the uncharted waters of capitalism. Tradition and contemporary
mix on the streets of Ulaanbaatar and imported luxury goods abound,
yet on the steppes one returns to a world where little has changed
since the time of Chinggis Khan.
links and resources are intended to direct the interested reader
on a path of discovering this diverse and fascinating country
Area: 1.57million sq km: equivalent to two times size of Texas
Population: 2.4million (1997)
Density: 1.5 persons/sq km (3.9 /sqm)
Ethnic Groups: Khalkh Mongol, Kazakh
Language: Mongolian, Kazakh
Religion: Predominantly Buddhist
Capital City: Ulaanbaatar, pop 650,000
Government: Democratically elected parliament
Economy: Copper, flourspar, gold, cashmere, leather products
GDP: $309 pp (1995)
- A Travel Survival Kit" - 2nd Ed, Paul Greenway. Lonely Planet
Publications THE English language guide to Mongolia, full of facts
and travel tips in the practical LP way.
Travels" - Marco Polo. Remarkable to compare Polo's notes from
the C13th court of Kublai Khaan with modern day Mongolia - many
Changing World of Mongolia's Nomads", 1994 Odyssey. A fascinating
anthropological study of herding life during Mongolia's transition
period in the early 1990's.
Secret History of the Mongols: the Origin of Chinggis Khan", 1984
Paul Khan. Regarded as the best translation and study of this
C13th classical work.
Impressions of Mongolia Compiled by Ulaanbaatar resident,
outdoors enthusiast and self-confessed gear freak Rogier Gruys.
A personal collection of images and information from two years
living in Mongolia - plus lots more!
Lonely Planet Mongolia , packed with travel tips. Surf their
website for other sections on Mongolia and links.
The Great Mongol Homepage Packed with history by Oyunbilig,
this site is upfront about it aim to reveal the greatness of the